What Is Gum Disease?
It might surprise people to learn that gum disease is one of the main reasons for tooth loss. It is a big problem in the United States, and gum disease often goes untreated because people don’t even realize they have it. This infection of the tissue surrounding and supporting the teeth can also increase the risk of developing serious such diseases such as heart attack, stroke, and some cancers.
Common Causes of Gum Disease
If you’ve had your teeth cleaned by a professional dental hygienist, you have probably heard of plaque. Plaque is the substance that forms on your teeth after brushing. There are bacteria in this plaque, and it is the main cause of periodontal disease, or gum disease. Your body fights to get rid of this bacteria by releasing substances that cause the gums to become inflamed. When this happens, gums will become swollen and they will probably bleed; this is the first sign of gum disease, also called gingivitis. If the gum disease becomes severe enough, the teeth can become loose; this is a sign of serious periodontal disease.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
One of the easiest ways to keep gum disease at bay is to practice good oral hygiene at home and to visit your dentist regularly. Most dentists recommend that you come in twice each year for a cleaning and examination. If you already have gum disease, you might need to visit the dentist more often.
You can remove much of the plaque that has built up on your teeth with daily brushing and flossing. For those hard-to-reach places, having your teeth professionally cleaned twice each year will help keep plaque you may have missed under control. Plaque that is not removed means bacteria continue to grow, and gum inflammation may get worse.
Ensure the Good Health of Your Gums
At Oak Family Dental our wonderful hygienists and dentists will examine your mouth to determine whether you have gum disease in Metairie, LA. Keep up with professional cleanings to remove plaque and calculus from your teeth. Call us today for an appointment!